Whether you're 16 or 36, dealing with pimples is a frustrating cycle that can often feel like there's no end in sight.  

The good news is, knowing what causes acne is the first step to understanding your breakouts – and with a targeted skincare routine and expert help, you can see real, long-lasting results. 

Keep reading to discover some of the most common causes of acne. 

Clogged Pores 

Acne is an inflammatory skin issue that involves blockages of the hair follicles and excess production of sebum in the oil glands underneath the outer layer of your skin.  

A build up of oil, acne-causing bacteria or dead skin cells can all contribute to pimples or cysts forming, which is why it's important to make sure you're cleansing your face properly and using an exfoliating product or treatment where needed. 

It might be tempting to turn to a harsh scrub for this to get that 'squeaky clean' feeling, but it's best to tread lightly here and treat your skin gently. Look for products with Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) or Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs), which contain chemicals to break down dead cells rather than causing physical damage to the skin. 


Another common cause of acne is hormones. Hormonal fluctuations can often cause a breakout to appear, which explains why many women notice more pimples around that time of the month. 

Higher levels of certain hormones (such as androgens - male hormones that both men and women have) can also lead to overproduction of oil or a change in skin cells, making them more prone to clogging pores.   


An overabundance of sugar, saturated fats and processed foods in your diet affects both your overall health and the health of your skin. 

Our tip? Focus on a nutritious, well-balanced diet filled with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, including antioxidant-rich foods and those with a high water content to help hydrate and nourish skin from the inside out.  

If you're dealing with adult acne, cystic acne or other skin concerns and would like more information on how to treat it, come in and see the skin experts at your local Caci for a free consultation.