Why does skin age?
The causes of skin ageing can be divided into two main categories, intrinsic ageing and extrinsic ageing. Intrinsic ageing is caused primarily by internal factors and is a degenerative process due to declining physiological functions and capacities. Extrinsic ageing on the other hand, is caused by external factors such as UV rays, smoking and pollution, which is what we have more control over.
What are the main signs of ageing?
Signs of ageing include fine lines/wrinkles, thinning skin, loss of skin volume, redness and uneven skin tone. Particularly in New Zealand, pigmentation (brown spots and freckles) is one of the most common signs of ageing due to our harsh UV rays and outdoor lifestyle, are most commonly noticed by women as they enter their 30s.
What is actually happening to our skin to cause these signs of ageing?
As we age, our collagen and elastin production levels slow down, which causes fine lines and wrinkles to appear. Collagen and elastin are essential for our skin to remain plump and full of bounce. Repeated facial movements (expressions such as smiles and frowns) also create lines which appear deeper as we age. The fat pads beneath our skin also tend to sag and decrease in size, which causes facial volume loss and a more sunken appearance.
What can we do about ageing to slow it down?
Sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection is essential! This is so important for New Zealanders and can go a long way to protect against sun damage and pigmentation. A good diet with a wide variety of natural foods and supplements if required can also help skin get all the nutrients it needs to feed and repair itself. A great skincare regime suited to target your specific concerns is also key for maintaining youthful looking skin, at Caci there is a range of Murad products to suit all ages and concerns.
For more advanced signs of ageing, a skin rejuvenation programme is a great option. There is a range of treatments available to help reduce fine lines and wrinkles, add volume and increase the production of collagen.
Find out more here: Reformaskin®