There are two main types of pigmentation; Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is where areas become darker, Hypopigmentation is where areas of the skin become lighter.
Dark Spots or Brown Spots (Hyperpigmentation) are the most common, and are caused by an increase in melanin, which the cell that produces the colour in our skin – the more melanin we have, the darker our skin.
Sun spots are dark spots (usually brown) which are induced by sun exposure. The sun stimulates the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for producing colour in skin. Sun spots often form after years of exposure to the sun and are most common on the back of hands, arms, and décolleté.
Age Spots are often referred to as sun spots, as they most commonly found on older skin, and is caused by UVA damage from early years of sun exposure. It can be hard to tell the difference between sun spots and age spots with the naked eye. But special UV light scopes can differentiate different types of spots.
Freckles are mostly a genetic condition. But sun exposure and other environmental factors can darken freckles.
Melasma is one of the most common dark spot concerns, which typically looks like patches of grey or tan/brown on the face, neck, chest and hands. Sun exposure, stress, hormonal changes and ageing cause these cells to produce excess pigment, resulting in brown patches. It’s also commonly seen on women during pregnancy, which is hormonal pigmentation.
Photo Rejuvenation is ideal for treating pigmentation and sun spots, it also aids in the production of collagen for a smother more even complexion. It uses light and heat to penetrate deep into the skin; the light from the laser is attracted to the pigment spot in the skin. It causes the treated pigment to separate and come to the surface of the skin, which is what we refer to as the ‘milo effect’, as it simply looks like little crusts of milo on the skin, which then flake off, resulting in reduced pigmentation.
Combining Photo Rejuvenation with other skin treatments and home care products will achieve optimum results. The number one product you need to remember is sun protection, you must apply sunblock everyday - even when there’s no sun!